Christian Witness in a Pluralistic Age

Jim Leffel
Attempting to convert someone is considered intolerant and arrogant because it implies standing in judgment over their unique experience and culture. Christianity is not a live option for a growing majority of the emerging generation, but for reasons that are rather unique to our day. It's not that Christianity has been refuted by scientific fact or historical scrutiny. Rather, it's considered implausible because it claims to be universally and objectively true--that is, true for everybody. Put simply, the Christian message violates today's carefully cultivated incredulity toward all absolutes, especially religious ones.

Christology Outline

Dennis McCallum and Gary DeLashmutt
Since the focus of Christianity is on Christ, the believer must have a clear understanding of his person and work. Christology is the study of his person; soteriology is the study of his work. The two are obviously related: who Christ is will determine what he is able to do. Virtually every heresy denies the deity of Christ and therefore also denies to some extent his work on the cross for us. As a rule, liberal (and some Neo-Orthodox) theologians deny Christ's deity, while some fundamentalists tend to underemphasize his humanity.

Chronological Study of the Life of Christ

Dennis McCallum
A chronological look at the life and ministry of Christ including his birth, start of his ministry, duration of his ministry and timeline of his death.

Comparing Biblical and Modern Love

Dennis McCallum
Love is a big word in everyone's vocabulary, but not everyone means the same thing when we use the word. Indeed, the modern world has adopted a notion of love that is completely different from the love taught and modeled by Jesus Christ.

Comparing Modernist and Postmodern Educational Theory

Dennis McCallum
Modern and postmodern thinkers differ in their approaches to education. The differences are reflected in their beliefs, goals and values.

Comparing Postmodernism, Modernism, and Theism

Dennis McCallum
A chart outlining the basic differences between modernism, postmodernism, and Biblical theism and how they see human nature, free will, reason, etc.

Confidentiality, Gossip, and Openness in the Body of Christ

Dennis McCallum, Conrad Hilario, Bret McCallum
God calls on Christians to disclose their problems to one another (Gal 6:2; Jas 5:16). But is it ever right to discuss another’s problem with a third party? The Bible lays out key principles, the biggest being love. The best way to love someone is not one-size fits all. Believers are supposed to follow the Holy Spirit’s leading while growing in their own discernment.

Contextualization: Building Bridges to the Muslim Community

Jim Leffel
This paper seeks to unite sending churches, mission organizations and field teams on the nature and extent of contextualization among Muslims. We believe that the strongly held consensus of these three parties is essential to long-term effectiveness. We consider models of contextualization as it relates to Islam, critical problems with these models, and strategic application of the model we advocate.

Covenantal vs. Dispensational Theology

Gary DeLashmutt and Dennis McCallum
Covenantal Theology is typical of reformed theologians. This includes the Reformed and Christian Reformed, the Presbyterian, the Anglican (or Episcopal), and to some extent, the Lutheran. The Catholics also recognize the same approximate divisions of scriptural history, while differing on the question of man's responsibility in the covenant of grace. Taken together then, the covenantal view must be considered by far and away the predominant view. The dispensational view is of more recent origin, arising from the evangelical awakening in American and England. Through the work of Jesse Penn-Lewis, T. Austin Sparks, J.N. Darby (who is given credit for formally bringing the view to light), Dwight Moody, C.I. Scofield (who included it in the Scofield Bible), Watchman Nee, and Lewis Sperry Chaffer, this view has become widespread and popular today. It is the view of most pentecostals, Brethren, many Baptists, and most independent Bible churches.

Cultivating a Tender Heart

Dennis McCallum
Christian workers who actively engage in invading the world system are well aware of the need for toughness. Those who think they can accomplish God's agenda as soft, or weak people are in for a surprise: Christian work is rough! Paul characterizes serving God as a spiritual war (Ephesians 6:12). In other passages, he compares the rigors of serving God to the pain, discipline, and self-denial experienced by athletes (1 Corinthians 9:25). He reminds younger workers that reaping a harvest for God takes as much hard work, patience, and persistence as farming (2 Timothy 2:6). Jesus warned that following him in radical discipleship meant first shouldering your cross (Luke 9:23).